16 Aug 2022

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Consequences of a “Far Right” India

Muhammad Rayyan Faisal

BSS-5A (IR)

01-155192-055

In mid-December, a Hindu religious assembly, Dharma Sansad, was held in the city of Haridwar in the state of Uttarakhand. Hindu Raksha Sena’s Prabodhanand Giri, who organized the Dharma Sansad; militant Hindutva leader Yati Narasimhanand; Pooja Shakun Pandey also known as ‘Sadhvi Annapurna’, Anand Swaroop, head of a body named Shankaracharya Parishad, and Jitendra Narayan Tyagi were the prominent leaders to attend the event.

In this event, the Muslim community of India was openly targeted by the aforementioned leaders who promoted ethnic cleansing by the genocide of Muslims to make India ‘A Hindu nation.’ The speakers explicitly called for the ‘purchase of weapons to defend religion.’

These anti-Muslim and anti-Islamic movements in India are not being witnessed for the first time. The Muslim Genocide of 2002 in Gujrat is just one of these unfortunate incidents in which almost five thousand people were brutally killed. What’s even more dreadful is that the incident occurred under the supervision of the present Prime Minister of India and the then Chief Minister of Gujrat, Narendra Modi.

Keeping personal beliefs aside, one has to be clear that a threat to the existence of a community is a threat to humanity. It is also evident in historical discourse that the idea to ‘wipe out a particular community’ leads to violence at a much larger and uncontained level.

It wouldn’t be wrong to categorize such behavior as fascism. Fascist ideas mainly are based on ultranationalism, which advocates for hate against other nationalities and to believe in the superiority of own-self. This often results in an act of violence committed against those marginalized communities. An infamous and rather brutal example of this is the holocaust carried out by Nazi Germany during the Second World War.

Historically, ideological factors have played a major role in the process of union or division of nations based on religion, ethnic, or racial differences and similarities. In the second World War, Germany and Italy were the states that implemented fascist polities based on ultranationalist ideas. This, as we know, resulted in unseen brutality. Likewise, these fascist behaviors can be observed prevailing in India.

Resultantly, the Muslim community in India has been occupied with feelings of existential insecurity under increasingly intense Hindutva policies. This may set aflame reactionary hate in Muslims all across the globe for Hindus causing a devasting result. As argued in the Clash of Civilizations written by Samuel P. Huntington, ideological differences may lead to a nuclear war that humanity may not be able to survive.

In the best-case scenario, the conflict may never reach the extreme i.e., war. However, it may have a devasting impact on the South Asian region which is plagued by a conflict between two

of its major communities would leave the region in shambles. Therefore, it is advised for the leaders and the people of both communities to counter these anti-Muslim and anti-Islam sentiments. The South Asian region could only reach the desired state of social welfare, cultural integration, and economic cooperation if the hate against marginalized communities – as in the case of Muslims in India – is contained.